These initiatives would not simply add more non-proliferation controls, to limit access to weapon-usable nuclear material; they would also provide access to the benefits of nuclear technology for more people in more countries." 29 Non-nuclear-weapon states have been reluctant to embrace these proposals due. 30 Technical cooperation and cancer control edit ElBaradeis work does not only concentrate on nuclear verification. Another very important aspect is development through nuclear technology. In 2004, ElBaradei sponsored a comprehensive global initiative—the Programme of Action for Cancer Therapy (pact)-to fight cancer. In one of his statements, ElBaradei said: "A silent crisis in cancer treatment persists in developing countries and is intensifying every year. At least 50 to 60 percent of cancer victims can benefit from radiotherapy, but most developing countries do not have enough radiotherapy machines or sufficient numbers of specialized doctors and other health professionals." In the first year of operation, pact provided cancer-treatment capacity in seven. 31 In his speech to the 2008 General Conference, elBaradei said that "development activities remain central to our work. Our resources have long been insufficient to keep add pace with requests for support, and we have increasingly made use of partnerships with other organizations, regional collaborations and country-to-country support. I again emphasise that technical cooperation is not a bargaining chip, part of a political 'balance' between the development and safeguards activities of the agency." 32 International Crisis Group edit ElBaradei served on the board of Trustees of the International Crisis Group, a non-governmental organization.
During his tenure as Director General of the iaea (1997-2009 for instance, elBaradei downplayed claims of possible military dimensions to Iran's nuclear program, which undermined. Efforts to press Iran over its safeguards violations. 26 using According to a rticle in Time magazine, elBaradei also maintained that Iraq's nuclear program had not restarted before the 2003 Iraq War, contradicting claims by the bush Administration. He told the german news magazine der Spiegel on that he wanted to open the gaza strip Egypt border and accused Israel of being the biggest threat to the middle east because of their nuclear weapons. 27 ElBaradei has called for international criminal investigation of former Bush administration officials for their roles in planning the war on Iraq. 28 Multinational control of the nuclear fuel cycle edit In an op-ed that he wrote for the Economist in 2003, ElBaradei outlined his idea for the future of the nuclear fuel cycle. His suggestion was to "limit the processing of weapon-usable material in civilian nuclear programs, as well as the production of new material, by agreeing to restrict these operations exclusively to facilities under multinational control." Also, "nuclear-energy systems should be deployed that, by design, avoid the.
23 In its first five rounds of voting, the iaea board of governors was split in its decision regarding the next director general. ElBaradei said, "I just hope that the agency has a candidate acceptable to all—north, south, east, west—because that is what is needed." 24 After several rounds of voting, on,. Yukiya amano, japanese ambassador to the iaea, was elected as the next iaea director general. Relations edit ElBaradei, leader of the national coalition for Change, has been a major voice for democratic change in Egypt since 2009 and was a significant leader during the recent protests. 25 However, he has a rocky history with the. Government and supports some policies that do not support current. Foreign policy in the middle east.
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Iran responded have to the washington Post reports by accusing the. Of violating international law in intercepting the communications. 19 The United States was the only country to oppose ElBaradei's reappointment and eventually failed to win enough support from other countries to oust ElBaradei. On, after a narrative meeting between. Secretary of State condoleezza rice and ElBaradei, the United States dropped its objections.
Among countries that supported ElBaradei were China, russia, germany, and France. China praised his leadership and objectivity, 17 and supported him for doing "substantial fruitful work, which has maintained the agency's role and credit in international non-proliferation and promoted the development of peaceful use of nuclear energy. His work has been universally recognized in the international community. El Baradei's work and supports his reelection as the agency's director general." 20 France, germany, and some developing countries, have made clear their support for ElBaradei as well. 18 Russia issued a strong statement in favor of re-electing him as soon as possible. ElBaradei was unanimously re-appointed by the iaea board on 21 Comments on no fourth term edit In 2008, ElBaradei said that he would not be seeking a fourth term as director general. 22 Moreover, he said, in an iaea document, that he was "not available for a further term" in office.
Our primary allegiance is to the human race and not to one particular color or border. I think the sooner we renounce the sanctity of these many identities and try to identify ourselves with the human race the sooner we will get a better world and a safer world. 12 ElBaradei described the. Invasion of Iraq as "a glaring example of how, in many cases, the use of force exacerbates the problem rather than solves." 13 ElBaradei further stated that "we learned from Iraq that an inspection takes time, that we should be patient, that an inspection. op-ed piece on the dangers of nuclear proliferation, in the new York times (12 February 2004 ElBaradei stated that "we must abandon the unworkable notion that it is morally reprehensible for some countries to pursue weapons of mass destruction, yet morally acceptable for others.
17 In a may 2005 interview with the staff of the. Senate foreign Relations Committee, lawrence wilkerson, the chief of staff to former. Secretary of State colin Powell, charged former Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security john Bolton with an underhanded campaign to unseat ElBaradei. Bolton overstepped his bounds in his moves and gyrations to try to keep ElBaradei from being reappointed as iaea head wilkerson said. The washington Post reported in December 2004 that the bush administration had intercepted dozens of ElBaradeis phone calls with Iranian diplomats and was scrutinizing them for evidence that they could use to force him out. 18 iaea spokesman Mark Gwozdecky said the agency worked on "the assumption that one or more entities may be listening to our conversations." "It's not how we would prefer to work, but it is the reality. At the end of the day, we have nothing to hide he said.
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10 ElBaradeis first term ended in november 2001, just two months after the thank terrorist attacks of 9/11. These attacks made clear that more needed to be done to protect nuclear material and installations from theft or a terrorist attack. Consequently, elBaradei established a nuclear security program to combat the risk of nuclear terrorism by assisting member states to strengthen the protection of their nuclear and radioactive material and installations, the nuclear Security fund. 11 Second term as Director General edit One of the major issues during ElBaradeis second term as the director general of the iaea was the agencys inspections in Iraq. ElBaradei disputed the. Rationale for the 2003 invasion of Iraq from the time of the 2002 Iraq disarmament crisis, when essay he, along with Hans Blix, led a team of un weapons inspectors in Iraq. ElBaradei told the un security council in March 2003 that documents purporting to show that Iraq had tried to acquire uranium from Niger were not authentic. In an October 2003 interview published in the cairo times, he said "the ultimate sense of security will be when we come to recognize that we are all part of one human race.
Public career as iaea director business General (19972009) edit ElBaradei began to serve as Director General of the iaea, which is based in vienna, on 1 December 1997, succeeding Hans Blix of Sweden. 7 8 he was re-elected for two more four-year terms in 20His third and last term ended in november 2009. ElBaradei's tenure has been marked by high-profile, non-proliferation issues, which include the inspections in Iraq preceding the march 2003 invasion, and tensions over the nuclear program of Iran. First term as Director General edit After being appointed by the iaea general Conference in 1997, ElBaradei said in his speech that, "for international organizations to enjoy the confidence and support of their members, they have to be responsive to members' needs; show concrete achievements;. When in office, elBaradei launched a program to establish "integrated safeguards" combining the iaeas comprehensive safeguard agreements with the newly adopted Additional Protocol. In his statement to the general Conference in 1998, he called upon all states to conclude the Additional Protocol: "One of the main purposes of the strengthened-safeguards system can be better achieved with global adherence. I would, therefore, urge all states with outstanding-safeguards agreements to conclude them, and I would also urge all states to accelerate their consideration of the model Additional Protocol and enter into consultations with the Agency at the earliest possible opportunity. We should work together to ensure that, by the year 2000, all states will have concluded outstanding-safeguards agreements and also the Additional Protocol." ElBaradei repeated this call through his years as the director General of the iaea. In november 2009, 93 countries had Additional Protocols in force.
the new York University School of Law in 1974. His thesis was titled "The right of passage through straits in time of peace". His diplomatic career began in 1964 in the ministry of External Affairs, where he served in the permanent Missions of Egypt to the United Nations in New York and in Geneva, in charge of political, legal, and arms-control issues. From 1974 to 1978, he was a special assistant to the foreign minister. In 1980, he became a senior fellow in charge of the International Law Program at the United Nations Institute for Training and Research. From 1981 to 1987, he was also an adjunct professor of international law at the new York University School of Law. In 1984, ElBaradei became a senior staff member of the iaea secretariat, serving as the agency's legal adviser (1984 to 1993) and Assistant Director General for External Relations (1993 to 1997). ElBaradei is currently a member of both the International Law Association and the American Society of International Law.
Giza governorate, greater cairo, egypt. He was one of five children of Mostafa ElBaradei, an attorney who headed the Egyptian, bar Association. ElBaradei's father was also a supporter of democratic rights in Egypt, supporting a free press and an independent judiciary. 2 ElBaradei is married to aida El-Kachef, an early-childhood teacher. They have two children: a daughter, laila, who is a lawyer living essay in London; and a son, mostafa, who is an it manager living in cairo. They also have two granddaughters, maya and Nina. 3 A native speaker of Egyptian Arabic, elBaradei is also fluent in English and French, and knows "enough German to get by, at least in vienna." 4 Education and early career edit This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for. Please help by adding reliable sources. Contentious material about living persons that is unsourced or poorly sourced must be removed immediately, especially if potentially libelous or harmful.
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Mohamed Mustafa ElBaradei arabic :, muammad Muṣṭafá al-Barādaī, egyptian Arabic pronunciation: mæħæmæd mostɑfɑ (ʔe)lbæɾædʕi ; born ). Egyptian law scholar and diplomat who was the last, vice-President of Egypt serving on an interim basis from until his resignation on 1, he was the, director General of the. International Atomic Energy Agency (iaea an intergovernmental organization under the auspices of the, united Nations, from 1997 to 2009. He and the iaea were jointly awarded the. Nobel peace Prize in 2005. ElBaradei was also prominently featured in the western press regarding relatively recent politics in Egypt, particularly the 2011 revolution which ousted, president, hosni mubarak, and the 2013 tree Egyptian coup d'état. Contents, family and personal life edit, elBaradei was born and raised.