Yet the virtues on sale often prove spectral, pollan shows. The free-range chicken on offer, it turns out, hails from a confinement operation with a tiny yard, largely unused by the short-lived birds. And save after giving gigantic organic vegetable outfits a long and sympathetic hearing, he subjects them to a devastating energy analysis. Pollan finds that while a one-pound box of California-produced organic lettuce contains 80 food calories, it requires 4,600 calories of fossil fuel to process and ship to the east coast. He adds that the figure would be only about 4 percent higher if the salad were grown conventionally. Its hard to dispute pollans assessment of large-scale organic agriculture: its floating on a sinking sea of petroleum. In contrast to the marketing geniuses who now dominate organic food, pollan presents. Joel Salatin, a loquacious farmer who runs a successful midsized, multispecies meat farm in Virginia.
Worse, since the bovine meat and bonemeal that cows used to eat is now being fed to chickens, pigs, and fish, infectious prions could find their way back to cattle when theyre fed the protein of the animals that have been eating them. Yet for all the nightmarish stuff feedlot cows eat, the most damaging of all may be their staple, corn, which tends to damage their livers. Evidently, corn-fed cows become sick as a matter of course, a fact accepted by the industry as a cost of doing business. Between 15 and 30 percent of feedlot cows are found at slaughter to have abscessed livers, pollan writes. Splenda in the Grass, in probably the most important section of Omnivores Dilemma, pollan describes what might be called the industrial-organic complex: the large-scale farms and food-processing outfits that largely good satisfy surging demand for organic food. The author uses Whole foods as a proxy for the industrial-organic ethos. He writes: Organic on the label conjures up a rich narrative supplying the hero (American family farmer the villain (agribusinessman and the literary genre, which ive come to think of as supermarket pastoral. For Pollan, the marketing geniuses at Whole foods peddle an irresistible commodity: self-satisfaction. He"s a marketing consultant waxing creepily about how the store offers consumers the opportunity to engage in authentic experiences and return to a utopian past with positive aspects of modernity intact.
Residents are corn chips with legs, a biologist tells him. From there, pollan discusses the vexed economics of commodity agriculture with a beleaguered Iowa corn farmer and monitors the development of a calf from an idyllic pasture in south dakota through its harrowing stay on a kansas feedlot to its inglorious end. This facet, the plight of feedlot cows, merits special attention. The animals evolved to eat grass, but three-quarters of a feedlot cows calories come from corn — and the rest from stuff the meat industry does not want you to think about. While the mad-cow scare forced the fda to ban the practice of feeding rendered beef and bone tissue to cows in 1997, feedlot cows — those mistreated herbivores — still practice cannibalism as a matter of course. The fda ban only extended to protein; feedlot operators can and do use cow blood and fat products. Cows eat other meat products as well. Feather meal and chicken litter (that is, bedding, feces, and discarded bits of feed) are accepted cattle feeds, as are chicken, fish, and pig meal, pollan reports.
The Omnivore s Dilemma summary superSummary
I know of no other book that delivers a broader picture of the. Food scene, how it got the way it is, and how its changing. Bastard Children of the corn, if Pollans take on industrial food largely echoes authors such. Marion Nestle, richard Manning, and, greg Critser, it also displays his quirky insights and ability to age synthesize scientific concepts for a lay audience. He turns a naturalists eye on the supermarket — that landscape (man-made, its true) teeming with plants and animals. The startling, and largely illusory, biodiversity on display leads him to a pretty good working definition of industrial food: Any food whose provenance is so complex or obscure that it requires an expert to help ascertain. Like other critics of industrial food, pollan seizes on corn — the most heavily subsidized and prolific.
Crop — as the example par excellence of a food system gone rancid. There are some 45,000 items in the average American supermarket, and more than a quarter of them contain corn, he reports. Indeed, corn and its array of byproducts have so successfully colonized the. Diet — and so dominate the diets of the animals consumed here — that Americans have ripped the title of the corn people from Mexico, where corn was originally domesticated and remains a staple. Because of corns rare carbon signature, pollan writes, its possible to discern from flesh or hair samples how much corn contributes to the formation of human bodies. When you look at the isotope ratios,.
To a rudderless ride through the supermarket sea. We cast this way and that, battered by changes in scientific consensus and the food industrys marketing schemes. A country with a stable culture of food would not shell out millions for the quackery (or common sense) of a new diet book every january, he writes. In France and Italy, by contrast, people decide their dinner questions on the basis of such quaint and unscientific criteria as pleasure and tradition, eat all manner of unhealthy foods, and lo and behold, wind up actually healthier and happier in their eating than. What were left with — 10,000 years of agriculture notwithstanding — is an atavistic return of the omnivores dilemma. Apes in the woods all over again, Americans grope to figure out whats good to eat.
Pollan seeks to provide a guide. He argues that our confusion about food stems from alienation: we dont know what to eat because weve forgotten where food comes from. To remind us, pollan traces the various food chains that link us to the fertility of the earth and the energy of the sun. In essays culminating in the four meals of the title, he shines a bright light on such obscure and important sites. Food production as Iowa cornfields and Kansas feedlots; he investigates conditions on the big organic farms that supply Whole foods with its dizzying and high-priced bounty; he explores the potential — and difficulties — of re-creating local and sustainable food networks by visiting an innovative. The project is valuable, and overdue. While pollans critique of industrial food will be familiar to anyone who has studied food politics, his discussion of the alternatives — which he terms industrial organic and beyond organic — are original and provocative. (These sections lean heavily on material Pollan published previously in The new York times Magazine.) But the main contribution of Omnivores Dilemma is its scope and rigor.
The Omnivore s Dilemma, by michael Pollan - the new York times
The book contains some 700 scans altogether and many diagrams - 560 pages. In, the Omnivores Dilemma: a movie natural History of four meals, michael Pollan diagnoses the national attitude toward food: angst. Channeling the modern middle-class shopper wandering vast supermarket aisles, pollan asks: The thank organic apple or the conventional? And if organic, the local or the imported? The wild fish or the farmed? The transfats or the butter or the not butter? Shall I be a carnivore or a vegetarian? And if a vegetarian, a lacto-vegetarian or a vegan? In Pollans view, our legacy as an immigrant nation without a central culinary tradition has damned the.
Any 'eternal Truth' can exist independent of summary all else - the qur'an cannot do this. A 'witness' must present a "Word of God" - the qur'an does not do this. As for the gospel records, though Islam has been railing upon these records for containing 'more than the words of God we see from Islam's dilemma that there is an the absolute need for all of this information - "Words of God hadith, sirah. The gospel records being the personal records of the companions and Tabi'un of Jesus could not be from more relaible sources - the companions had the promise of the jesus that the holy Spirit would remind them of his teachings and reveal more, the tabi'un. We present the True last Message. Much Tabi'un and Tab Tabi'un evidence is examined. One obvious conclusion is that there never was a need for 'a new book' as Islam asserts - islam is an 'outwitting' from the Arabs. Finally we note the amazing covenant-love of the True god Who gives security to those who love his way.
is thoroughly examined and compared with the 1924 edition. They are not 'identical' - scans each covering several lines show in context almost 100 textual variations. Yet we further find that all the cries of 'perfect and Preserved Qur'an' are meaningless anyway since it is also admitted that the qur'an's text presents one with bafflement and few gems - and that further to this the qur'an on its own is utterly. The 'qur'an vs Gospel/Bible' concentration of Islam is seen to be another 'outwitting' - meaningless when we understand not only that the qur'an alone is not considered to transmit 'the revelation' why then compare it to the bible or Gospel records?, but that one might. we note the result of Islam's search for 'life' for the qur'an, and the desire of some to try again. The claim of Islam that keeping the 'words of God' separate from 'everything else' has been a blessing in 'preserving the message' is found to be meaningless - an 'outwitting'. Further the qur'an obviously could not posssibly be a "Word of God" since, not only are its promises of protection and perfection proven false, but admittedly the materials required to transmit a "Word of God" are elsewhere. The qur'an cannot function independantly of them and so neither can it be considered either 'an Eternal Truth nor 'an Eternal Witness'.
What connection can there be between the two '7's? The 7 readings were further chosen from an enormous number of readings - and evernote of a multitude of persons it is asserted that "each had his own reading". We note admissions that the scholars differ as the whether the qur'anic texts say 'no' when they should say 'yes' - and that this varies from text to text. . we observe mr deedat 'switching' texts - and some 'no's for 'yes's. Also the 'editing' involved in hiding all this in modern times. The book further makes a comparison of a representative number of the qur'ans in print and includes actual scans of the appropriate original texts as 'Proof '. The texts compared include several Hafs texts - the turkish printed text, pakistani taj, Indian, one hybrid of these last two, iranian, 1924 Egyptian edition - and one warsh text. Most of these are corrupted or corrected in various ways and hence the need for a new Edition in 1924.
Book review: The Omnivore s Dilemma treehugger
Summary Of book content, back to homepage, the use of 'outwittings' is first clearly established. Then, beginning with the multitude of boasts of modern Islam for the 'perfection and Protection' of the qur'an, we cite the obvious consequences if this is wrong. We note and trace admissions by both modern and classical Islamic scholars that dream Muhammad's scribes did not know how to write properly and that the early followers copied their errors; that 'Uthman's scribes made further errors making 'Uthman's texts not identical and that later followers. Scans of all this. Full page scans of the warsh (Medinan) and Hafs (Kufan) textual discrepancies combine with the admission of scribal errors to show these are not mere 'transmissions full page original source scans such as Ad-Dani's Al-Muqni, etc. In terms of readings, we note not only that Islam built its readings upon the textual errors but that its scholars admit that the clearest defining of what the original 7 readings, the '7 Forms were, is to the tune of '35 sayings' -. Neither text nor readings can be certified as a reconstruction of an 'original' from such 'evidence'. The '7 readings' are not only admittedly not the same as the '7 Forms' but originated later even though the '7 Forms' can be the only readings, and 'Uthman eliminated 6 of the 7 texts underlying them.