Mountweazel was the subject of an exhibit in Dublin, Ireland, in March 2009 examining her fictitious life and works. 5 The first printing of the 1980 New Grove dictionary of Music and Musicians contains two fictitious entries: on Guglielmo baldini, a non-existent Italian composer, and Dag Henrik esrum-Hellerup, who purportedly composed a small amount of music for flute. Esrum-Hellerup's surname derives from a danish village and a suburb in Copenhagen. The two entries were removed from later editions, as well as from later printings of the 1980 edition. In August 2005, The new Oxford American Dictionary gained media coverage 2 when it was leaked that the second edition contained at least one fictional entry. This later was determined to be the word esquivalience, defined as "the wilful avoidance of one's official responsibilities which had been added to the edition published in 2001. It was intended as a copyright trap, as the text of the book was distributed electronically and thus very easy to copy. The german-language movie medical encyclopedia pschyrembel Klinisches Wörterbuch features an entry on the Steinlaus ( stone louse a rock-eating animal.
Enzyklopaedie der Antike, edited. 1 (Stuttgart, 1996, isbn ) includes a fictitious entry now well-known amongst classicists: a deadpan description of an entirely fictional Roman sport, apopudobalia, which resembles modern association football. Appletons' cyclopædia of American biography (18871889) contains about two hundred fictitious entries. Zzxjoanw was the last entry in Rupert Hughes Music lovers Encyclopedia of 1903, and it continued as an entry in subsequent editions down to the 1950s. It was described as a māori word for a drum. Later, it was proved to be a hoax (having seemed suspect because māori does not use the letters j, x or Z). The 1975 New Columbia encyclopedia contains a fictitious entry on Lillian Virginia mountweazel (19421973). 2 Her biography claims she was a fountain designer and photographer, best known for Flags Up!, a collection writing of photographs of rural American mailboxes. Supposedly she was born in Bangs, Ohio, and died in an explosion while on assignment for Combustibles magazine.
An admission of this motive appears in the preface to Chambers's 1964 mathematical tables : "those errors that are known to exist form an uncomfortable trap for any would-be plagiarist". 3 Similarly, trap streets may be included in a map, or invented phone numbers in a telephone directory. Fictitious entries may be used to demonstrate copying, but to prove legal infringement, the material must also be shown to be eligible for copyright (see feist. Rural, fred Worth lawsuit or Nester's Map guide corp. Hagstrom Map., 796. D.N.Y., 1992.) 4 Examples edit Official sources edit most listings of the members of the german parliament feature the fictitious politician jakob Maria mierscheid, allegedly a member of the parliament since 1979. Among other activities he is reported to have contributed to a major symposium on the equally fictitious stone louse in Frankfurt. Reference works edit The german-language der neue pauly.
Paper towns plot summary
See also edit references edit photos in 5 Minutes: 39 Bogdanovich, Clifford, terry. Chicago Tribune (1963-Current file) Chicago, ill : i39. "Paper next moon, box Office Information". jeff Stafford, paper moon, turner Classic movies article, october 2006 a b c d e bogdonavitch, peter. Paper moon (Special features) (DVD). The Internet movie car Database: Entry for Paper moon time magazine liquor: The Schenley reserves Monday, september 29, 1952.
wtf podcast Episode 632, august 27, 2015 "Big Rental Films of 1973 variety, p 19 canby review Ebert review "The 46th Academy Awards (1974) Nominees and Winners". Fictitious or fake entries are deliberately incorrect entries in reference works such as dictionaries, encyclopedias, maps, and directories. There are more specific terms for particular kinds of fictitious entry, such as mountweazel, trap street, paper street, paper town, phantom settlement, phantom island, ghost word, and nihilartikel. 1, fictitious entries are included either as a humorous hoax or as a copyright trap to reveal subsequent plagiarism or copyright infringement. Contents, terminology edit, the neologism, mountweazel was coined by, the new Yorker based on a fictitious biographical entry in the 1975. 2, the term nihilartikel, combining the latin nihil nothing and German, artikel article is sometimes used. 1, copyright traps edit by including a trivial piece of false information in a larger work, it is easier to demonstrate subsequent plagiarism if the fictitious entry is copied along with other material.
While selecting music for the film, he heard the song It's Only a paper moon (by billy rose, yip Harburg, and Harold Arlen ). Seeking advice from his close friend and mentor Orson Welles, bogdanovich listed Paper moon as a possible alternative. Welles responded "That title is so good, you shouldn't even make the picture, you should just release the title!" 4 Bogdanovich added the scene in which Addie has her picture taken in a paper moon solely so the studio would allow him to use the. 7 Cinematography and editing edit director of photography lászló kovács used a red filter on the camera on Orson Welles' advice. Bogdanovich also used deep focus cinematography and extended takes in the film.
4 Reception edit The movie earned an estimated 13 million in North American theater rentals in 1973. 8 reviews edit It currently holds a 90 approval rating from critics, based on 22 reviews, at Rotten Tomatoes. While vincent Canby of the new York times found the juxtaposition of the saccharin-sweet plot with Laszlo kovacs' stark black-and-white images of Depression-era poverty unsettling, 9 Roger Ebert, who gave the film his top rating, found the mix to be the film's greatest virtue. 10 Awards edit tatum o'neal won the 1973 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her role as Addie, making her, at age 10, the youngest competitive winner in the history of the Academy Awards. Co-star Madeline kahn was nominated for the same award. The film itself was nominated for Best sound ( Richard Portman, les Fresholtz ) 11 and Best Adapted Screenplay ( Alvin Sargent ). Tatum o'neal was also nominated for a golden Globe Award for Best Actress motion Picture musical or Comedy, and ryan o'neal was nominated for a golden Globe Award for Best Actor motion Picture musical or Comedy. Other media edit In September 1974, a television series called Paper moon, based on the film, premiered on the abc television network, with Jodie foster cast as Addie and Christopher Connelly (who had appeared as o'neal's brother in the earlier abc series, peyton Place ). It was not a ratings success and the series was canceled in January 1975.
Paper, towns (2015) - imdb
4 Filming locations edit The film was shot in the small towns of way hays, kansas ; McCracken, kansas ; Wilson, kansas ; and. Various shooting locations include the midland Hotel at Wilson, kansas ; the railway depot at Gorham, kansas ; storefronts and buildings on main Street in White Cloud, kansas ; hays, kansas ; sites on both sides of the missouri river ; Rulo Bridge ; and. Props edit The car Moses is essay driving when he agrees to take addie home is a 1930 Ford Model A convertible; the car Moses buys to impress Miss Trixie is a 1936 Ford V8 de luxe convertible. 5 The whiskey being sold by the bootlegger shown toward the end of the film is Three feathers blended whiskey, a label introduced by Oldtyme distilling Corp. In 1882 and still produced up to the 1980s. 6 The fruit-flavored soda drunk by Addie is from Nehi soda, by a company founded as Chero-cola in 1910, in 1925 renamed Nehi corporation, which became royal Crown Company, then Dr Pepper/seven Up, then Dr Pepper Snapple Group. Title edit peter Bogdanovich also decided to change the name of the film from Addie pray.
However, when Huston left the project, the newmans became dissociated from the film as well. 3 Peter Bogdanovich had just completed What's Up, doc? And was looking for another project when his ex-wife and frequent collaborator Polly Platt recommended filming joe david Brown's script for the novel Addie pray. Bogdanovich, a fan of period films, and having two young daughters of his own, found himself drawn to the story, and selected it as his next film. 4 Casting edit At the suggestion of Polly Platt, bogdanovich approached eight-year-old Tatum o'neal to audition for the role although she had no acting experience. Bogdanovich had recently worked with Tatum's father ryan o'neal on What's Up, doc?, and decided to cast them as the leads. 4 Screenplay edit various changes were made in adapting the book to film. Addie's age was reduced novruz from twelve to nine to accommodate young Tatum, several events from the book were combined for pacing issues, and the last third of the novel, when Moses and Addie graduate to the big leagues as con artists after going into partnership. The location was also changed from the rural south of the novel primarily Alabama to midwestern Kansas and Missouri.
to Trixie, and Addie sends moze up to Trixie's room where he discovers the clerk and Trixie having sex, whereupon moze leaves Miss Trixie and Imogene behind, while Addie. At a hotel in, kansas, moze finds a bootlegger 's store of whiskey, steals some of it, and sells it back to the bootlegger. Unfortunately the bootlegger's brother is the sheriff, who quickly arrests moze and Addie. Addie hides their money, steals back the key to their car, and the pair escape. To elude pursuit, they trade their new car for a decrepit Model T farm truck after moze beats a hillbilly in a "wrasslin' match." The sheriff finds them in Missouri and, unable to arrest moze, he and his cohorts beat and rob him. Humiliated, moze drops Addie at her aunt's house in St Joseph but Addie, disappointed, rejoins him on the road. When he refuses her company she reminds him that he still owes her two hundred dollars and reveals that his truck has rolled away without him, whereupon they leave together. Production edit director edit The film project was originally associated with John Huston and was to star paul Newman and his daughter, nell Potts.
Addie overhears this conversation and, after Moses spends nearly half the money fixing his used. Model A convertible, later demands the money, whereupon Moses agrees to business travel with Addie until he has raised two hundred dollars to give to her. Thereafter Moses visits recently widowed women, pretending to have recently sold an expensive, personalized Bible to the deceased husband, and the widows pay him for the bibles inscribed with their names. Addie joins the scam, pretending she is his daughter, and exhibits a talent for confidence tricks, cheating a cotton candy vendor out of a large sum of money. As time passes, moses and Addie become a formidable team. One night, Addie and "moze" (as Addie addresses him) stop at a local carnival, where moze becomes enthralled with an "exotic dancer" named Miss Trixie delight, and leaves Addie at a photo booth to have her photograph taken alone (of herself sitting on a crescent. Much to Addie's chagrin, moze invites "Miss Trixie"—and her downtrodden. African American maid Imogene to join him and Addie. Addie soon becomes friends with Imogene and becomes jealous of Trixie.
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Paper moon is a 1973 American comedy-drama film directed by, peter Bogdanovich and released by, paramount Pictures. Alvin Sargent adapted the script from the novel. Addie pray by, joe david Brown. The film, shot in black-and-white, is set in, kansas and, missouri during the. It stars the real-life father and daughter pairing. Ryan and, tatum o'neal as protagonists moze and Addie. Contents, con man, moses Pray meets 9-year-old Addie loggins at Addie's mother's graveside service, where the neighbors suspect he is Addie's father. He denies this, but agrees to deliver the orphaned Addie to her aunt's home. At a local grain mill, moses convinces the brother of the man who accidentally killed Addie's mother to give make him two hundred dollars for the newly orphaned Addie.