And great writing is rewritten many times—even for someone as gifted as Shakespeare. Sorry, but thats the way. Never ever send foul papers to an editor or agent. Like shakespeare and his contemporaries, your first draft should be rightly called foul papers, and it takes many foul papers to produce a fair paper, as they called the production draft. Write to Change minds and lives The predecessors of Shylock in the merchant of Venice (in plays with titles like the jew essay and The jew of Malta) were characters that inspired only contempt. But Shakespeare crafted a far more complicated, even sympathetic character, while depicting the ugliness of vengeance and beauty of mercy. Othello is a compelling warning against jealousy. Measure for measure borrows from Jesus words about refraining from uncharitable judgment of others.
You have to learn to make adjustments as a writer. If you hit a roadblock, strike out in a new direction. Rewrite, most would agree that Shakespeares most famous words are hamlets to be or not to be soliloquy. But did you know that famous speech exists in at least three versions? The differences suggest that Shakespeare was still rewriting and revising long after his plays were produced. Similarly, the modern text of King lear is based on three versions, writing each of which contains lines not found in the others, suggesting that Shakespeare revised the play more than once. All good writing is rewritten.
Suddenly, there were no theaters in which to perform and no crowds to applaud. The theater closings—which happened several times during his career—totally erased his source of income. So what did he do? He may have returned to Stratford-upon-avon to see his family. He may have traveled with his theater company through the English countryside. We dont know, but we do know that he produced two long poems for patronage and publication during that period: Venus and Adonis and The rape of Lucrece, which became his first published works and probably established his reputation as not only a player and. When the theaters close, you turn from plays to poems.
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He not teenage only borrowed and stole from other writers (as everyone did back then but also chose subjects to compete simultaneously with competitors plays. What set him apart from everyone else, however, were his powers of resume innovation. He invented new words. He coined memorable phrases. He took old plots and gave them new twists.
In earlier versions of King lear, for example, the tale ended happily. In Macbeth, he borrowed characters from different periods of history. In Othello, he made the noble African of the title a christian instead of a muslim, as would have been expected. Whatever youre writing, ask: whats new about it? Are you breaking new ground or at least putting a new twist on something? 10 meaningful Practices for every Writer. Roll with the punches, shakespeare was just getting started as a player and playwright when Londons theaters were closed in June 1592 due to an outbreak of the plague.
Invest in your manuscript and order your critique here. Find thy funny bone, shakespeares reputation was made on his early histories, the tales of kings and wars and death and succession. But he would not have had done so well if he had neglected the funny bone and never created Falstaff, the fat knight, or Mistress quickly, the innkeeper. In fact, you could say that Shakespeare invented both the stage musical and the romantic comedy. He used humor everywhere in his plays.
He wrote scenes for specific company clowns, writing to their particular talents. He even inserted comic relief into his darkest tragedies, like macbeth and Hamlet. But Im no comedian, you might say. You dont have. Start with what makes you smile or chuckle. Use surprise, exaggeration, and unlikely combinations. You dont have to get readers to laugh out loud, but lighten things up occasionally. And remember that humor always works best when it has an element of truth. Do something New, shakespeare started his career where others did—imitating Chaucher, milton, Spencer, and others.
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Against infection and the hand of war, This happy breed of men, this hazlitt little world, This precious stone set in the silver sea, which serves it in the office of a wall, Or as a moat defensive to a house, against the envy of less. Maybe those words came to Shakespeare in a rush of inspiration. Or maybe he polished them until they shone like that. However it happened, he found just the right words, words that would be imitated and"d often by his contemporaries and by generations to come. You have tools Shakespeare lacked: a thesaurus and google and probably a larger library than Shakespeare, who never owned more than a hundred books. So take the time to find the word that best expresses what you want to say. Get feedback (from an Agent) on your Plot for One Flat Price. Youll love this Plot Critique service If: —youre looking for a professional critique of your plot —you plan want to know what an agent thinks about the strengths and weaknesses of your plot —you want a clear idea of how to revise your plot to ensure.
were presented at court (as opposed to in the countryside or theaters). What is true of his plays is also true of his poetry. Many of his sonnets, for example, were clearly written for a specific person in a specific situation. So be that specific in identifying and writing for your audience. You cant and you shouldnt write for everyone. You need a target to shoot at, an audience to play off, a clear picture of who your reader is for any given project. Take the time to find the best word. Do not dip your pen in an inkwell of ordinary language. Take the time and trouble to find the best word, the just-so turn of a phrase, as Shakespeare did in one of his most justifiably famous scenes, as the dying nobleman John of gaunt describes his homeland: This royal throne of kings, this scepterd isle.
If your grammar needs work, take a class or read a book. Subscribe to Writers Digest. Absorb dissertation The Elements of Style, on Writing Well, Stephen Kings On Writing, Annie dillards The Writing Life, and everything else you can find about the craft of writing. Read blogs like this one. Make writers conferences a part of your growth strategy. Enlist a good critique partner. Here Are 7 reasons Writing a novel makes you a badass.
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I learn something new in every article or book i write, but perhaps never as much as I learned while composing my latest book, the bard and the bible: a shakespeare devotional, a book of daily reflections drawn from a" from Shakespeare and. Writing that book was not only stimulating but also educational. Because even after more than forty books, hundreds of articles, and thousands of blog posts, i learned from the bard of avon at least eight crucial and valuable lessons: Study thy Craft, no one knows when Shakespeare started writing poems and plays. Scholars are pretty sure, however, that he became an actor mom first, probably between 15There is no indication that he was a great actor, but he probably learned stagecraft and playwrighting while trodding the boards as a young apprentice. In so doing, he probably learned from the likes of John Lyly, thomas Kyd, and Christopher Kit Marlowe—the best of his day. I am sometimes approached by people at writers conferences who say something like, id really like to write fantasy. So i ask who their favorite authors are, and they reply, oh, i dont read that much fantasy. Seems to me thats part of knowing your craft. If you dont read voraciously in your genre, pick another genre.