Othello summary and analysis

Othello, act i, summary and, analysis, gradesaver

2 14 The play was entered into the register of the Stationers Company on, by Thomas Walkley, and was first published in quarto format by him in 1622: "Tragœdy of Othello, the moore of Venice. As it hath beene diuerse times acted at the Globe, and at the Black-Friers, by his maiesties Seruants. Written by william Shakespeare. Nicholas okes for Thomas Walkley, and are to be sold at his shop, at the eagle and Child, in Brittans Bursse, 1622." The first page of Othello from the first Folio, printed in 1623 One year later, the play was included among the plays. However, the version in the folio is rather different in length, and in wording: as the editors of the folger edition explain: "The folio play has about 160 lines that do not appear in the quarto. Some of these cluster together in quite extensive passages.

Cinthio's "Ensign's Wife" (the play's Emilia survives her husband's death to tell her story. 6 Cinthio's "Moor" is the model for Shakespeare's Othello, but some researchers believe the poet also took inspiration from the several moorish delegations from Morocco to Elizabethan England circa 1600. 7 Another possible source was the description of Africa by leo africanus. The good book was an enormous success in Europe, and was translated into many other languages, 8 remaining a definitive reference work for decades (and to some degree, centuries) afterwards. 9 An English it translation by john Pory appeared in 1600 under the title a geographical Historie of Africa, written in Arabicke and Italian by iohn leo a more. In which form Shakespeare may have seen it and reworked hints in creating the character of Othello. 10 While supplying the source of the plot, the book offered nothing of the sense of place of Venice or Cyprus. For knowledge of this, Shakespeare may have used Gasparo contarini 's The commonwealth and government of Venice, in Lewes Lewkenor 's 1599 translation. 11 12 Date and context edit title page of the first quarto (1622) The earliest mention of the play is found in a 1604 revels Office peers account, which records that on "Hallamas day, being the first of nouembar. The kings maiesties plaiers" performed "A Play in the banketinghouse at Whit Hall Called The moor of Venis." The work is attributed to "Shaxberd." The revels account was first printed by peter Cunningham in 1842, and, while its authenticity was once challenged, is now regarded. 13 Based on its style, the play is usually dated 1603 or 1604, but arguments have been made for dates as early as 1601 or 1602.

othello summary and analysis

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He demotes him, and refuses to have him in essay his company. The "Ensign" then seeks revenge by disclosing to the "Squadron leader" the "Moor's" involvement in Desdemona's death. The two depart Cyprus for Venice, and denounce the "Moor" to the venetian seignory; he is arrested, taken to venice, and tortured. He refuses to admit his guilt and is condemned to exile. Desdemona's relatives eventually find and kill him. The "Ensign however, continues to escape detection in Desdemona's death, but engages in other crimes while in Venice. He is arrested and dies after being tortured.

othello summary and analysis

Summary : overview of, othello

Unlike in Othello, in Cinthio, the homework "Ensign" (the play's Iago) lusts after Desdemona and is spurred to revenge when she rejects him. Shakespeare's opening scenes are unique to his tragedy, as is the tender scene between Emilia and Desdemona as the lady prepares for bed. Shakespeare's most striking departure from Cinthio is the manner of his heroine's death. In Shakespeare, othello suffocates Desdemona, but in Cinthio, the "Moor" commissions the "Ensign" to bludgeon his wife to death with a sand-filled stocking. Cinthio describes each gruesome blow, and, when the lady is dead, the "Ensign" and the "Moor" place her lifeless body upon her bed, smash her skull, and cause the cracked ceiling above the bed to collapse upon her, giving the impression its falling rafters caused. In Cinthio, the two murderers escape detection. The "Moor" then misses Desdemona greatly, and comes to loathe the sight of the "Ensign".

Sources edit Othello is an adaptation of the Italian writer Cinthio 's tale "Un Capitano moro" a moorish Captain from his Gli hecatommithi (1565 a collection of one hundred tales in the style of giovanni boccaccio 's Decameron. No english translation of Cinthio was available in Shakespeare's lifetime, and verbal echoes in Othello are closer to the Italian original than to gabriel Chappuy 's 1584 French translation. Cinthio's tale may have been based on an actual incident occurring in Venice about 1508. 2 It also resembles an incident described in the earlier tale of " The Three apples one of the stories narrated in the One Thousand and One nights ( Arabian Nights ). 3 Desdemona is the only named character in Cinthio's tale, with his few other characters identified only as the " moor the "Squadron leader the "Ensign and the "Ensign's Wife" (corresponding to the play's Othello, cassio, iago and Emilia). Cinthio drew a moral (which he placed in the mouth of Desdemona) that it is unwise for European women to marry the temperamental men of other nations. 4 Cinthio's tale has been described as a "partly racist warning" about the dangers of miscegenation. 5 While Shakespeare closely followed Cinthio's tale in composing Othello, he departed from it in some details. Brabantio, roderigo, and several minor characters are not found in Cinthio, for example, and Shakespeare's Emilia takes part in the handkerchief mischief while her counterpart in Cinthio does not.

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othello summary and analysis

Othello, summary

Iago then accuses bianca of the failed conspiracy to for kill Cassio. Othello confronts Desdemona, and then strangles her in their bed. When Emilia arrives, desdemona mug defends her husband before dying, and Othello accuses Desdemona of adultery. Emilia calls for help. The former governor Montano arrives, with Gratiano and Iago. When Othello mentions the handkerchief as proof, Emilia realizes what her husband Iago has done, and she exposes him, whereupon he kills her.

Othello, belatedly realising Desdemona's innocence, stabs Iago but not fatally, saying that Iago is a devil, and he would rather have him live the rest of his life in pain. Iago refuses to explain his motives, vowing to remain silent from that moment. Lodovico apprehends both Iago and Othello for the murders of Roderigo, emilia, and Desdemona, but Othello commits suicide. Lodovico appoints Cassio, othello's successor and exhorts, to punish Iago justly. He then denounces Iago for his actions and leaves to tell the others of what has transgressed.

Later, bianca accuses Cassio of giving her a second-hand gift which he had received from another lover. Othello sees this, and Iago convinces him that Cassio received the handkerchief from Desdemona. Enraged and hurt, Othello resolves to kill his wife and tells Iago to kill Cassio. Othello proceeds to make desdemona's life miserable, hitting her in front of visiting Venetian nobles. Meanwhile, roderigo complains that he has received no results from Iago in return for his money and efforts to win Desdemona, but Iago convinces him to kill Cassio.


Act v edit painting by william Salter of Othello weeping over Desdemona's body. Oil on canvas,. Roderigo, having been manipulated by iago, attacks Cassio in the street after Cassio leaves bianca's lodgings. During the scuffle, iago comes from behind Cassio and badly cuts his leg. In the darkness, iago manages to hide his identity, and when Lodovico and Gratiano hear Cassio's cries for help, iago joins them. When Cassio identifies Roderigo as one of his attackers, iago secretly stabs Roderigo to stop him revealing the plot.

Othello (Shakespeare) Thug Notes, summary analysis

Othello reenters and questions the men as to what happened. Othello blames Cassio for the disturbance and strips him of his rank. Iago persuades Cassio to importune desdemona to convince her husband to reinstate cassio. Act iii edit iago now persuades Othello to be suspicious of Cassio and Desdemona. When Desdemona drops a handkerchief (the first gift given to her by Othello emilia finds it, and gives it to her husband Iago, at his request, unaware of what he plans to do with. Othello reenters and vows with Iago for the death of Desdemona and Cassio, after which he makes Iago his lieutenant. Act iii, scene iii is considered to be the turning point of the play as it is the scene in which Iago successfully sows the seeds of doubt in Othello's mind, inevitably sealing Othello's fate. Act iv edit iago plants the handkerchief in Cassio's lodgings, then tells Othello to watch Cassio's reactions while iago questions him. Iago goads Cassio on to talk about his affair with bianca, a local courtesan, but wallpaper whispers her name so quietly that Othello believes the two men are talking about Desdemona.

othello summary and analysis

Iago, still in the room, takes note of Brabantio's remark. By order of the duke, othello leaves Venice to command the venetian armies against invading Turks on the island of Cyprus, accompanied by his new wife, his new lieutenant Cassio, his ensign Iago, and Iago's wife, emilia, as Desdemona's islam attendant. Act ii edit The party arrives in Cyprus to find that a storm has destroyed the turkish fleet. Othello orders a general celebration and leaves to consummate his marriage with Desdemona. In his absence, iago gets Cassio drunk, and then persuades Roderigo to draw Cassio into a fight. Montano tries to calm an angry and drunk cassio down, but end up fighting one another. Montano is injured in the fight.

Roderigo that he plans to use Othello for his own advantage. Iago convinces Roderigo to wake brabantio and tell him about his daughter's elopement. Meanwhile, iago sneaks away to find Othello and warns him that Brabantio is coming for him. Brabantio, provoked by roderigo, is enraged and will not rest until he has beheaded Othello, but he finds Othello's residence full of the duke of Venice's guards, who prevent violence. News has arrived in Venice that the turks are going to attack cyprus, and Othello is therefore summoned to advise the senators. Brabantio has no option but to accompany Othello to the duke's residence, where he accuses Othello of seducing Desdemona by witchcraft. Othello defends himself before the duke of Venice, brabantio's kinsmen Lodovico and Gratiano, and various senators. Othello explains that Desdemona became enamoured of him for the sad and compelling stories he told of his life before venice, not because of any witchcraft. The senate is satisfied, once desdemona confirms that she loves Othello, but Brabantio leaves saying that Desdemona will betray othello: "look to her, moor, if thou hast eyes to see she has deceived her father, and may thee (Act i, sc 3).

The story revolves around its two central characters: Othello, a, moorish general in the, venetian army and his unfaithful ensign, iago. Given its varied and enduring themes of racism, love, jealousy, betrayal, revenge and repentance, othello is still often performed in professional and community theatre alike, and has been the source for numerous operatic, film, and literary adaptations. Othello, general in the venetian military, desdemona. Othello's wife; daughter of Brabantio, iago, othello's trusted, but jealous and traitorous ensign. Cassio, othello's loyal and most beloved captain. Bianca, cassio's lover, world emilia, iago's wife and Desdemona's maidservant Brabantio venetian senator and Desdemona's father (can also be called Brabanzio) Roderigo dissolute venetian, in love with Desdemona doge of Venice Gratiano brabantio's brother Lodovico brabantio's kinsman and Desdemona's cousin Montano othello's Venetian predecessor in the. Synopsis edit Othello costume illustration by percy Anderson for Costume fanciful, historical and Theatrical, 1906 Act i edit roderigo, a wealthy and dissolute gentleman, complains to his friend Iago, an ensign, that Iago has not told him about the secret marriage between Desdemona, the daughter.

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Play by Shakespeare, this article is about Shakespeare's play. For the board game, see. For other uses, see, othello (disambiguation). Othello the Tragedy of Othello, the moor of Venice ) is a tragedy. William Shakespeare, believed to have been written in for 1603. It is based on the story. Un Capitano moro a moorish Captain by, cinthio, a disciple of, boccaccio, first published in 1565.


othello summary and analysis
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  1. Get homework help from. Get free study guide answers, book notes including complete summary analysis, chapter analysis from all authors.

  2. Helpful, othello study guide, including an analysis of Iago and, othello and the history of the play. Othello (The Tragedy of, othello, the moor of Venice) is a tragedy by william Shakespeare, believed to have been written in is based on the story Un Capitano moro ( a moorish Captain ) by cinthio, a disciple of Boccaccio, first published in 1565. An detailed summary of Shakespeare's. Othello, from your trusted Shakespeare source.

  3. Othello study guide contains a biography of William Shakespeare, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Othello (SparkNotes Literature guide series). A short summary of William Shakespeare's, othello. This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points.

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